Disorders of the Spine - Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation

Disorders of the Spine


Herniated Discs

Disorders of the spine can be resulted from multiple sources. A common source of back or neck pain is a herniated disc. Sometimes called a “slipped” or “ruptured” disc, this condition most often occurs in the lumbar or lower back, as well as the smaller discs in the cervical or neck region. The discs act as a small cushion in between the vertebrae of the spine, and when they become displaced, they can pinch and put extra pressure on the nerves in the area. This can cause symptoms such as tingling or sharp shooting pain into the hands (cervical disc), or legs (lumbar disc), sensation impairments such as a feeling of burning or pins and needles or a lack of sensation, loss of strength, pain and limited motion.

disorders of the spine
low back pain

Although a herniated disk can sometimes be very painful, most people can feel much better within a few treatments of simple, nonsurgical interventions, such as the modalities offered in physical therapy.


Scoliosis is a sideways curvature of the spine. It usually manifests during puberty, and often goes undetected when not severe enough. With scoliosis, the impairments caused by the misalignment of the spinal vertebra can become more severe as we get older. This can also be due to improper posture, weight distribution, and poor biomechanics over our lifetime.

Scoliosis typically results in a leg length discrepancy, uneven shoulders, with the shoulder blade appearing more prominent on one side than on the other, neck and back pain, and limited mobility.

Although scoliosis cannot be reversed, the pain and discomfort felt from it can be alleviated with physical therapy interventions.


Treatment Interventions include:

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